Musik hatte seit Beginn der chinesischen Kultur eine enorme Bedeutung im spirituellen, ethischen, sozialen und therapeutisch-medizinischen Bereich. Der erste der fünf mythischen Kaiser, Fu Hsi (etwa um 2850 v. Chr.), gilt als Begründer des I Ging und als Erfinder der Musik. In der Folgezeit überprüften die Herrscher den aktuellen Stand der harmonischen Ordnung ihres Reiches, indem sie sich Musik aus den verschiedenen Landesteilen vorführen ließen. Auf der Grundlage der Lehre von der kosmischen Lebenskraft Chi, dem Prinzip von Yin und Yang und den fünf Elementen entwickelte sich in der Zhou Dynastie (1066-256 v.Chr.) ein effektives musiktherapeutisches System, das erst vor wenigen Jahren von chinesischen Medizinern wiederentdeckt wurde und seitdem auch offiziell zur Heilung von Körper und Geist eingesetzt wird.
Chinese classical music is a much larger field than Western classical music. It covers a huge geographical area as well as a time frame of thousands of years. Although some of China's musical instruments have changed very little in hundreds of thousands of years, others were adapted to Western standards under the influence of Russian musicians during the middle of the 20th century. In some cases, frets were added to nonchromatic instruments and tonalities standardized. The liner notes of The Hugo Masters: An Anthology of Chinese Classical Music (19901) contain extensive documentation of the various instruments used in Chinese solo and orchestral music, with descriptions of their history and modifications, as well as an essay to help Western listeners understand the background of Chinese classical music.
The instruments fall into four categories, each constituting a separate compact disk: bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, and percussion. These disks are available individually or as a collector's series in a boxed set. The music itself is highly varied and richly emotional. The music paints pictures of China's people, their culture and homeland, and their dreams and their despair.
The Hugo Masters (19901) is a joint effort of the Hugo and Celestial Harmonies labels to bring this definitive anthology to listeners worldwide. This is the first time these recordings have become available to audiences outside of Hong Kong. For listeners unfamiliar with Chinese classical music, these works are a powerful and emotional awakening.
The Hugo Masters (19901) is an impressive collection which contains the treasures of China's vast musical tradition recorded and documented to the highest standards. It appeals as much to the casual fan of world music as to the serious student of Chinese music.
The name refers to the Hugo label of Chinese musician, producer and engineer Aik Yew-goh. This extremely talented young man spent years recording China's old master musicians, capturing their virtuoso talent with his scrupulously high quality recording techniques. In some cases, it was a last chance to gather such recordings.
China's classical music comes from an oral tradition, a tradition discouraged and very nearly wiped out following the 1911 Chinese Revolution. Mr. Aik searched the continent for musicians who were alive before the revolution and were still able to pass on their formidable knowledge.